We can find the chief truths taught by Jesus in the Catholic Church found in the Apostles’ Creed.
I believe in God, the Father Almighty, Creator of heaven and earth;
and in Jesus Christ, His only Son, Our Lord; Who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilot, was crucified, died and was buried. He descended into hell; the third day He arose again from the dead; He ascended into heaven, and sits at the right hand of God, the Father Almighty; from thence He shall come to judge the living and the dead.
I believe in the Holy Spirit, the Holy Catholic Church, the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body and life everlasting. Amen.
These are the chief truths of the Catholic Church. More explanation is below.
Jesus taught us that God is: all knowing, almighty, all-good. These are God’s perfections that we praise. He is the Supreme Being, eternal, and all-present (everywhere). Jesus taught us that the Trinity is three Divine Persons but one God.
When we say hell in the Apostles’ Creed, we mean “the place where the good souls were waiting until heaven was reopened by Christ”. We don’t mean the place of the damned.(The New Saint Joseph Baltimore Catechism)
When we say that we believe in the Holy Catholic Church, we mean that Jesus chose and gave the power to Peter to be the first Pope. The successor of St. Peter is the Holy Father, the Pope now. Jesus gave the power to teach, to sanctify and to rule the Church. “The Church is the congregation (body) of all baptized persons united in the same true faith, the same sacrifice and the same sacraments, under the Holy Father, the Pope.” (Baltimore Catechism) There is only one Church with one head, the Pope. This is how Jesus founded it.
The Communion of Saints is our family of saints and deceased loved ones who all pray for us, intercede for us and are our family in heaven.
The power to forgive sins was given to Peter and the apostles only and is offered through Confession in the Church. The power was not given to anyone except the apostles and their successors. That means that other churches/pastors do not have this Jesus-given power because they broke succession.
Resurrection of the body means that our bodies will be resurrected up when Jesus comes which means that we should take special care of our bodies after death. If we have received the Eucharist during our life, we are the tabernacle of the Lord. We should not be cremated if we can help it and if we are, our ashes are not to be scattered; instead they should be buried right away and not left on someone’s mantle. Our bodies should be blessed and have a proper funeral in the Church.
Life everlasting is what Jesus promised us if we ate of His Body and Blood, the Eucharist in John 6. This is what Jesus instituted. This is what the Mass is about. This is the core of Catholicism. If we don’t eat of it, then we have “no life within us.” John 6.
If you believe this, then you are on your way to being Catholic.
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